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  • The first phase of the Merced 2020 project concluded in August 2018 when the University of California, Merced (UC Merced), celebrated the opening of two structures: a 600-seat multipurpose central dining commons and new classrooms.

    The Merced 2020 project is a $1.2 billion public-private partnership (P3) that will nearly double the capacity of the campus and support enrollment growth to 10,000 students. The P3 team is led by the Los Angeles office of Plenary Properties Merced in partnership with San Francisco-based Webcor Builders, the project’s design-build lead, and campus planner Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP. Other team members include Johnson Controls Inc. in Canada, which heads operations and maintenance, and Cini-Little International Inc., Germantown, Md., with its San Francisco office providing foodservice design consulting.

    UCMerced Pavilion opening 180807 7Photo couresty of UC MercedThe new all-you-care-to-eat central dining facility, named Pavilion, serves as a critical link between old and new buildings on campus. The largest dining commons on campus, Pavilion can serve 5,000 customers per day. It seats 600 in the main dining room, 100 on the outside terrace and 95 in private dining rooms.

    The project includes a central production kitchen with a catering production component, four hybrid theater cooking platform stations, a grab-and-go convenience station, a coffee/espresso bar, two self-service soup and salad bars, warewash, a storage area (refrigerated, frozen, paper), a waste room and a staff break room. The building is on pace to receive LEED Platinum certification.

    “We had outgrown our former dining space and needed to expand,” says Mitch Vanagten, executive chef, UC Merced.

    “One of the project team’s challenges was to formulate the geometry of the building and interior,” says Keith Short, Cini-Little’s director of design, West Coast. “The foodservice design needed to be a hybridized influence of flexibility and tradition. It is almost like a kitchen turned inside out to allow connectivity to the students’ dining. It is staff-functional, productive and alive.”

    UCMerced DiningCLI 2018 BD 18Natural lighting brightens the dining area and contributes to energy efficiency. Photo by Bruce Damonte Photography

    Designers met another project goal, to show transparency in cooking, by designing the facility so customers can stand at the front of the theater-like concept-themed stations and peer into the back of the house. In addition, the back-of-the-house’s primary cooking area is situated adjacent to a wall of windows, offering views of the kitchen to passersby walking outside along a pedestrian walkway.

    Back-of-the-House Production

    Food arrives on the lower level at a loading dock, an area that dining shares with another building. This level also holds waste until it is hauled away. Staff use a dedicated elevator to transport food from the lower level to the main floor, which contains the back-of-the-house central production kitchen. Storage areas sit close to the elevator, which enables staff to efficiently receive and easily access food for production.

    Staff store food in separate refrigerated, frozen and dry storage areas, which feature adjustable shelving specified 24 inches in depth for storing crates, pallets and consumable or nonconsumable menu items. “The configuration of the shelves allows for preparation trolleys to be stored and be readily accessible,” Short says.

    UCMerced Dining 216156 100 N24A staff member prepares menu items for a catered event. Photo by Bruce Damonte Photography

    Before starting bulk food production, staff remove food from storage areas and take it to their production stations on carts. The kitchen contains areas for cold prep, hot prep, catering and baking. Staff buy locally sourced food as much as possible. The university’s location — near the San Joaquin Valley — permits the dining staff to source between 65 percent to 90 percent of its produce from growers within 100 miles of campus depending on the season. Most of its beef comes from producers 80 miles from campus.

    UCMerced DiningCLI 2018 BD 25Heat lamps keep menu items warm. Wide aisles enable staff to move easily through the kitchen. Photo by Bruce Damonte Photography“One of the best features of the kitchen is the wall of windows that provides environmentally friendly lighting for the kitchen staff,” says Vanagten. “I like the openness of the kitchen and servery, and the top-of-the-line equipment in the back and front of the house I’ve rarely seen in other kitchens.”

    The cold prep area, with its slicers and blenders, divides into a front half for preparation of salads and vegetables for the dining hall and the other half for catering preparation of salads and trays with fruit, deli foods and cheese.

    The hot prep area contains a pressurized tilt skillet for preparing rice dishes, beans and pork carnitas. “It takes only 30 minutes to braise menu items such as carnitas, so this equipment is very efficient,” Vanagten says.

    UCM Merced 20180913 135227Back-of-the-house bulk production includes tilt skillets and tilt kettles. Photo courtesy of ElectroluxStaff use two tilt kettles for making soup stocks, stews, pasta and pasta sauces. To assist in preparation, a double-sink preparation bench sits to the left of the kettles. A designated three-compartment sink and adjustable shelving sit in close proximity for the cleaning and housing of food pans, utensils and other items.

    “The bulk cooking lineup was specified on the basis of speed, efficiency and delivering a complete system,” Short says.

    Ice machines and a hot water dispenser provide support for all related foodservice requirements within the facility and beyond. A designated two-compartment sink also sits in close proximity for preparation adjacent to the bulk cooking area.

    Staff use three double-stacked combi ovens in this area to roast meats, vegetables and potatoes, and steam vegetables. Staff also use the combis to smoke meats for barbecue-themed meals. Each 40-tray combi oven can produce up to about 400 portions, Short says.

    Another staff favorite among the equipment is the blast chiller, which quickly brings food such as pasta sauce, soups and deli meats to a safe temperature range. “We used to cool food in an ice water bath,” Vanagten says. “Now, we have thermometers that plug in and a record of the temperatures is produced electronically so we don’t have to do this manually anymore.”

    Hot carts sit near the blast chiller in the production area, nearby support catering and delivery of food to stations.

    The bake station contains a proofer, dough divider, mixer and rolling rack, rotating oven. “This is a very active bakery,” Vanagten says. “It’s so nice to have a designated area just for baking. We didn’t have a rolling rack oven before, and we appreciate having it now.”

    UCMerced 20181018 080533Staff prepare large quantities of sauces in the tilting skillets and kettles. Photo courtesy of ElectroluxPavilion’s bakery team produces 15 types of breakfast pastries in the morning, as well as a total of approximately 3,500 desserts and pastries daily.

    Next to the bakery sits the catering kitchen with a traditional restaurant-style hot line that contains a charbroiler for cooking steaks, chicken and fish, a six-burner range for making sauces and sauteed vegetables, a French-top range for sauteing and finishing sauces, and conventional ovens that finish menu items and roast potatoes and vegetables. Staff use four double-basket fryers for cooking calamari, arancini, chicken wings and Filipino-style lumpia.

    Staff transport catering items for buffets in hotel pans held in insulated containers. For sit-down, plated meals, bulk food is held in pans inside warmers so staff can plate on-site at the events.

    Stainless-steel benches with adjustable heat lamps support myriad counter foodservice equipment and provide a threshold between back-of-the-house stations and front-of the-house platforms. This helps staff to view the front-of-the-house activity and provide support, if required.

    Four island benches with sinks also support each front-of-the-house servery platform. “This allows the catering staff to manage, support and label prepared consumable items, and have the ability to separate certain consumables from cross-contamination,” Short says.

    Flanked on either side of the benches and in close proximity to the servery sit hot carts and mobile upright refrigeration units to support all servery platforms and stations.

    Servery and Platforms

    The project team answered the university’s goal to offer unique and seasonal food offerings. Hybrid-style cooking platforms with modular equipment at each station offer the culinary staff flexibility in selecting menu items that incorporate seasonal foods. Customers waiting in line can watch the preparation, cooking and assembly of food both at the platform and in the kitchen beyond.

    “Modular equipment allows staff the flexibility to cook a variety of menu items and change the equipment out if needed as the equipment ages gracefully over its life expectancy,” Short explains. Modular equipment also allows staff to close one or two stations when the servery is not busy. Closing stations also contributes to a project goal of energy efficiency.

    A dry storage area houses all mobile and small equipment to eliminate any impact from moisture, heat from different methods of cooking and to avoid catering staff from bumping into the equipment.

    The four primary concept-themed platforms support full service, cooking and production. The layout follows the natural user flow of service from consumption to drop-off to alleviate congestion and cross-circulation.

    Lake Wok contains two woks that staff use to prepare alternate themed menus featuring Thai, Filipino and other Asian dishes. Staff use a double-basket fryer to cook appetizers such as pot stickers, egg rolls and tempura veggies, and use a six-burner range to heat broth for Pho and ramen.

    Rufus Grill’s equipment package includes two flattop griddles staff use to make traditional grilled cheese sandwiches, chicken strips, and turkey, vegan and beef burgers. Two double-basket fryers produce a different type of french fries each day. Hot wells hold blue plate specials such as fried chicken and Salisbury steak with mashed potatoes that staff cook in the back-of-the-house kitchen.

    UCMerced Pavilion 191205 2Customers can see food preparation at all the platforms and in the central production kitchen behind. Photo courtesy UC Merced

    Cascabel contains a six-burner range, flattop griddle and two double-basket fryers for the staff to produce cuisines from Latin America, Mexico, Peru and Costa Rica. Handmade tamales, pork pies and cheese and poblano peppers are among the popular menu items.

    UCMerced Pavilion 191205 1Ciao features pizza and authentic Italian cuisine. Ciao features pizza, flatbreads and Italian regional cuisine such as cacciatore, Sicilian-style salmon and cioppino. A deck oven supports production at this platform, along with a charbroiler, six-burner range and two double-basket fryers.

    Nearby, Field of Greens offers a build-your-own salad bar with nearly 35 salad ingredients, yogurts and fruit. A soup bar offers two or three varieties daily. A deli station across from the salad bar offers customers an opportunity to place orders or build their own sandwiches.

    The beverage station offers traditional water, soda, and a self-service coffee and tea station.

    “I appreciate the operation because it is efficient and staff can be very productive,” Vanagten says. “Also, we all get to see our customers and engage with them. We get good feedback, and if there’s something wrong we can fix it right away. We all feel more like a part of the university because we’re interacting rather than being hidden behind the scenes.”

    The warewash room is equipped with a drop-dish zone designed to mitigate congestion and provide ease of service for students; staff separate utensils, plates and cups. A water trough for scrapping purposes leads to a perforated sink basket capturing all leftover food items. Staff take trashed/bagged food items to the refrigerated waste room located in the basement level. A rack conveyor dishwasher prewashes, washes, sanitizes and dries each warewash rack. Adjustable shelving adjacent to the unit houses all clean items and the cart space in order to transport these items back to their original zones. If the dishwasher breaks down or more dishwashing support is needed, staff have access to a three-compartment sink.

    Based on the extremely positive customer response to Pavilion, UC Merced and the project design team feel that their decisions were right on track to achieve the goal to bring excitement and interaction to the dining commons. Having flexibility to change out menu items in the future will give this operation a very long lifespan. The university unveiled the second phase of the Merced 2020 Project in August 2019, which includes the new Academic Quad, where the Sustainability Research and Engineering Building serves as an anchor along with the Arts and Computational Sciences Building.

    About the Project:

    • Opened: August 2018
    • Seats: 600
    • Average check for paying guests: $8.95, breakfast; $11.95, lunch; $12.95, dinner
    • Daily transactions/covers: 4,500 to 6,500
    • Yearly catering events: 2,800
    • UC Merced: A public university, UC Merced enrollment includes nearly 9,000 undergraduate and graduate students. It opened in 2005 as the youngest campus in the University of California system.
    • Scope of project: The all-you-care-to-eat Pavilion project includes a central production kitchen, four hybrid theater cooking platform stations, a grab-and-go convenience station, a staffed coffee/espresso bar, two self-service soup and salad bars, warewash, storage areas (refrigerated, frozen, paper), a waste room and a staff break room.
    • Total size: 37,000 sq. ft.
    • Foodservice area: 7,840 sq. ft.
    • Foodservice breakdown:
      central production kitchen, 4,160 sq. ft.
      four hybrid theater cooking platform stations, 515 sq. ft.
      grab-and-go convenience station, 52 sq. ft.
      coffee/espresso bar, 211 sq. ft.
      two self-service soup and salad bars, 282 sq. ft.
      warewash, 604 sq. ft.
      frozen storage, 315 sq. ft.
      dry storage, 897 sq. ft.
      refrigerated storage, 804 sq. ft
    • Hours: 7 a.m. to 11 p.m., Mon. through Thurs.; 7 a.m. to 9 p.m., Fri.; 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., weekends
    • Platforms: Lake Wok (Asian-influenced dishes); Rufus Grill (veggie and meat burgers); Cascabel (select proteins to build Mexican dishes); Ciao (pizza and Italian dishes); Field of Greens (build-your-own salad and sandwiches); Common Grounds (beverages)
    • Total project cost: $28.04 million
    • Equipment investment: $2.34 million for kitchen equipment; $600,000 for furnishings
    • Staff: 30 career staff (cooks and chefs); 240 students
    • Website: www.dining.ucmerced.edu

    Key Players

    • Owner: University of California Merced, Merced, Calif.
    • Auxiliaries services director (interim): Mark Cunningham, associate vice chancellor
    • Associate director: Sean Murray
    • Executive chef: Mitch Vanagten
    • UC Merced culinary staff: Buntha John Oung, executive sous chef; Matthew Perez, evening sous chef; Nicole Fleming, catering chef; Jorge Wario, quality assurance; Esther Adams, baker; Katrina Trexler, dining center manager; Mario Trujillo Espinoza, dining center assistant manager; Randy Rogge, dining center lead
    • Architects: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, San Francisco: Michael Duncan, FAIA, design partner; Sean Ragasa, design director; Aaron William Baumbach, senior architectural professional; Grant Cogan, associate; Karen Drozda, AIA, LEED Green Associate, associate; Mark Sarkisian, PE, LEED AP, structural and seismic engineering partner, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
    • Interior design: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, San Francisco
    • Foodservice design consultants: Cini-Little International Inc., Germantown, Md.: Keith W. Short, director of design West Coast and project manager, San Francisco; Michael Perigard, director of BIM/CAD
    • Preconstruction: Webcor Builders, San Francisco: Craig Blinston, preconstruction director
    • Construction and design build firm: Webcor Builders, San Francisco: Matt Rossie, senior vice president; Brad Shambaugh, project manager; Thomas Silva, design manager
    • Project developer and equity provider: Plenary Group, Los Angeles: Joshua Coulter, vice president; Rehan Khan, project manager
    • Operations and maintenance: Johnson Controls Inc., Milwaukee
    • Equipment dealer: Boelter, Sacramento, Calif.: Max Barrera, project manager

    About the players

    Michael Duncan, FAIA, design partner, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Duncan joined the firm 25 years ago. Other projects include the International Terminal at San Francisco International Airport and The Strand for American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco.

    Mark Sarkisian, PE, LEED AP, structural and seismic engineering partner, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Sarkisian joined the firm 35 years ago. Other projects include the U.S. Embassy in Beijing and the NBC Tower in Chicago.

    Keith Short, Cini Little International, project manager. Before joining the Cini-Little office in San Francisco in 2013, Short worked for Cini-Little in Sydney, Australia. Other projects include additional UC Merced 2020 Master Plan foodservice facilities and the Hotel Intercontinental Mark Hopkins San Francisco.

    Mitch Vanagten, executive chef, UC Merced. Vanagten joined the university 14 years ago. Prior to this, he worked at California State University Stanislaus for four years after completing an ACF-approved apprenticeship program.

    UCMerced Feb FES floor plan JJ3

    Floorplan Equipment Key

    1. Insect zapper
    2. Corner guard
    3. Five-tier, adjustable shelving unit
    4. Walk-in freezer
    4a. Evaporator coil
    4b. Walk-in cooler
    4c. Two-door reach-in refrigerator
    4d. 40 tray, roll-in blast chiller/freezer
    4e. Three-door undercounter refrigerator
    4f. Pizza prep refrigerator
    4g. Refrigerator/freezer base, two-section equipment stand
    4h. Refrigerator/freezer base, three-section equipment stand
    4i. Refrigerated cabinet base
    4j. Deli sandwich prep refrigerator
    5. Tray/pan mobile rack
    5a. Roll-in oven rack
    6. Mobile fryer filter
    6a. Fryer basket rack
    6b. Single well fryer
    6c. Single well fryer w/base
    7. Bus carts
    7a. Three-tier utility cart
    8. Mop sink
    8a. Hand sink w/electronic faucet
    8b. Drop-in hand sink w/electronic faucet
    8c. Prerinse unit w/add-on faucet
    8d. Three-compartment sink w/tubular shelves
    8e. Two-compartment prep sink
    8f. Drop-in hand sink
    9. Mop/broom holder
    10. Hose reel
    11. Floor scrubber
    12. Combi oven trolly
    12a. Roll-in combi oven
    12b. Single-rack type rotating oven
    12c. Roll-in proofer, retarder
    12d. Pizza deck oven
    12e. Mobile undercounter holding hot box
    13. Two-door mobile heated cabinet
    13a. Two-door banquet-style mobile heated cabinet
    13b. Knife sterilizer cabinet
    13c. Spreader cabinet w/cabinet base
    13d. Spreader cabinet
    14. Mobile ice caddy
    14a. Cube-style ice machine w/bin
    14b. Flaked-style ice machine w/bin
    15. Water filtration system
    16. Floor trough
    17. Back counter w/drain trough and shelf under
    17a. Back counter w/sinks and shelf under
    17b. Millwork counter w/shelves under
    17c. Millwork counter w/cupboards and shelf under
    18. Hot water broiler
    19. Coffee brewer
    20. Mobile worktable w/ shelf under
    20a. Island worktable w/sink
    20b. Mobile pizza worktable
    20c. Mobile bread table
    20d. Worktable w/sinks and shelf under
    20e. Worktable with shelf under
    21. Exhaust hood
    22. Tilt skillet
    23. Tilt kettle
    24. Splash guard
    25. Range/griddle w/oven base
    25a. 6-open-burner range, w/oven base
    25b. 36-inch French hot top range
    25c. 6-burner range
    25d. Wok range
    25e. Griddle
    26. Pot fill faucet
    27. Chargrill w/cabinet base
    27a. Countertop chargrill
    28. Planetary mixer
    29. Trash container
    29a. Garbage can
    30. Adjustable heat lamps
    31. Bread slicer
    31a. Meat slicer
    32. Dough sheeter
    33. Dough divider/rounder
    34. Juicer
    34a. Juice extractor, bench unit
    35. Rice cooker
    36. Vacuum packaging machine
    37. Food blender
    38. Food shield
    38a. Food shield w/light and heat
    38b. Food shield w/light
    39. Cutting board
    40. Drop-in hot/cold food well
    40a. Fully insulated, drop-in soup well
    40b. 4-pan, drop-in cold food well
    41. POS
    42. Plate, bowl and utensil/condiment zone
    43. Sushi machine


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